12th MAP seminar

2022.10.14 お知らせ

12th MAP Seminar Report

Date: October 14, 2022

Speaker: Dr. Shimizu, Dr. Shen and Dr. Yamaoka

We conducted our 12th MAP seminar on October 14, 2022. 15 members participated in this seminar. Three presenters presented their research in English, Dr. Shimizu, Dr. Shen and Dr. Yamaoka. We also welcomed two newly arrived overseas students.

The first was Dr. Shimizu, whose study was on the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) following pediatric cardiac surgery and the efficacy of prophylactic high flow nasal cannula (HFNC). He showed the PPCs rate within 48 hours after extubation, and subgroup analysis between PPC(-) vs PPC(+). During the discussion session, a student asked whether the selection of the patients will have an impact on the results. Dr. Shimizu indicated that the subject of this study was patients less than 48 months of age and that the results of this study should be interpreted in this subject.

Next was Dr. Shen, whose study was on the relationship between blood glucose level and intraoperative hypothermia. Based on previous studies, Dr. Shen hypothesized that patients with poorly controlled preoperative blood glucose level are at higher risk for the development of intraoperative hypothermia. And found postinduction glucose level is an independent risk factor associated with intraoperative hypothermia. During the discussion, a doctor asked what we could do in our clinical work based on the results of the study. Dr. Shen replied that we should increase the number of blood glucose measurements, accurately control the duration of preoperative fasting, and choose the appropriate type of preoperative intravenous rehydration fluid.

Finally, Dr. Yamaoka presented his research: Dynamic changes in Bach1 expression in the kidney of rhabdomyolysis-associated acute kidney injury. His research demonstrated the dynamic changes in Bach1 expression in a rat model of RM-AKI. And suggest that the increase in the concentration of intracellular free heme contributes to the pathogenesis of RM-AKI. One student had questions about the interpretation of the results, and Dr. Yamaoka patiently explained that.

In this MAP seminar, the three presenters presented in English and refined their research in active discussions with the participants. Professor also commented on and summarized each person’s presentation. Although the research areas were different, participants were able to gain new research methods from the different presentations. We look forward to the next seminar.

Shen Zhangtian